Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who are specialized in eye care. Ophthalmologists are trained professionals who provide full eye care, they diagnose and prescribe glasses and sometimes contact lenses and they perform complex eye surgeries. A few of them are involved many types of eye research.
Ophthalmology is 4 years study in medical schools and a one year period of internship. They spend 3 years in residency, which is hospital-based training.
It is during this residency that they are specially trained in the aspects of eye care which includes prevention, diagnosis, surgical eye treatment, and medical interventions for various eye diseases. To correct problems in vision, they can also prescribe daily contact lenses that suits any skin tone. Ophthalmologist who wants further training takes a year or two in a specialized course to treat some of the specific areas of the eye like:
Ophthalmologists diagnose and provide treatment for corneal diseases and eyelid diseases. Their hospital training includes transplant surgery of the cornea and corneal surgery which is done to treat refractive errors.
Glaucoma is found both in adult and pediatric patients. Glaucoma is caused by an increase in the intraocular pressure which damages the optic nerve. It is treated with medicine or surgery.
The medical and surgical management of the development of traumatic, inflammatory and neoplastic conditions which develops in children and this is dealt in the study of pediatric ophthalmology.
The treatment of vitreoretinal diseases like genetic, systemic and local diseases which affect the vitreous and the retina are dealt by the ophthalmology professionals trained in this field. The methods of treatment include laser therapy, retinal detachment, vitrectomy and surgery.
Neuro-ophthalmology is the study of neurologic and ophthalmic diseases. They also deal with local pathology which affects the visual pathways and the optic nerve.
This training includes study of ophthalmology and the study of pathology. The ophthalmic pathologist is the one who examines the eye tissue specimens and adnexa as it requires the combination skills of the ophthalmologist and pathologist.
Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery
Oculoplastic surgeons are trained to combine the treatments of ophthalmic surgery with plastic surgery to treat cosmetic lid surgery and reconstructive surgery of the upper face. They are also trained to use chemotherapy, radiotherapy and chemosurgery in treating orbital and ocular diseases.
Eye care on the whole needs all kinds of specializations to treat the various types of eye diseases. Ophthalmologists are the trained professionals who can give proper eye care in addition to prescribing prescription eyeglasses as well as quality contact lenses available at discounted prices.